The EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement (dated 1 February 2019) was seen as an opportunity for significant tariff savings and the removal of trade barriers for importers in Japan and EU exporters. However, to realize these potential benefits, there are specific requirements in Japan that must be met and detailed assistance at the time of importation into Japan. In a response, the EU authorities and the Import Community in Japan responded that requests for information from Japanese customs violated the principles of a free trade agreement or an economic partnership agreement. As a result, after the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement came into force in February 2019, Japanese customs began to ask for details on the qualification analysis – for example. B material calculations, regional value, analysis of customs movements, description of production methods, etc. – which will be included in the certificate of origin (or as an appendix) at the time of importation. Given the administrative burden of complying with these measures, importers felt that these requirements were not practical in making a request for preferential tariff treatment under the EU-PJ Economic Partnership Agreement. Importers who did not meet these requirements had late deliveries and, in some cases, rejected claims. At present, trade experts are not sure of the impact that the new procedure could have on the Japanese Customs approach or on the frequency of requests for customs control, but for the time being, it appears that the new procedure could help to address some of the administrative burdens and trade barriers associated with them.
In principle, a certificate of origin and other certificates of origin must be complete and accurate. However, even if the document contains incomplete items or omissions, Customs may consider them to be minor errors and accept the document as valid, provided that the original status of the goods is confirmed and there is no doubt as to the authenticity of the document. The United States and Japan have concluded a trade agreement on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products, with plans to continue negotiations for an expanded free trade agreement. On October 17, 2019, the United States and Japan agreed on market access for certain agricultural and industrial products. Japan`s legislature approved the agreement on December 5, 2019. President 9974`s proclamation was issued on December 26, 2019, with the effective date of January 1, 2020. On 30 December 2019, the Communication of the Federal Register (84 FR 72187) on the implementation of the agreement was published. Current EPAs require the description of the 2002/2007 SH codes in the certificates of origin.
Representatives of the Japanese government and the EU met in Brussels at the end of June 2019 and reached agreement on a more harmonious and effective implementation of the Economic Partnership Agreement and, in particular, on the simplification of the import declaration demanding preferential tariff treatment in Japan.